# Callable Symbolic Expressions#

EXAMPLES:

When you do arithmetic with:

sage: f(x, y, z) = sin(x+y+z)
sage: g(x, y) = y + 2*x
sage: f + g
(x, y, z) |--> 2*x + y + sin(x + y + z)

>>> from sage.all import *
>>> __tmp__=var("x,y,z"); f = symbolic_expression(sin(x+y+z)).function(x,y,z)
>>> __tmp__=var("x,y"); g = symbolic_expression(y + Integer(2)*x).function(x,y)
>>> f + g
(x, y, z) |--> 2*x + y + sin(x + y + z)

sage: f(x, y, z) = sin(x+y+z)
sage: g(w, t) = cos(w - t)
sage: f + g
(t, w, x, y, z) |--> cos(-t + w) + sin(x + y + z)

>>> from sage.all import *
>>> __tmp__=var("x,y,z"); f = symbolic_expression(sin(x+y+z)).function(x,y,z)
>>> __tmp__=var("w,t"); g = symbolic_expression(cos(w - t)).function(w,t)
>>> f + g
(t, w, x, y, z) |--> cos(-t + w) + sin(x + y + z)

sage: f(x, y, t) = y*(x^2-t)
sage: g(x, y, w) = x + y - cos(w)
sage: f*g
(x, y, t, w) |--> (x^2 - t)*(x + y - cos(w))*y

>>> from sage.all import *
>>> __tmp__=var("x,y,t"); f = symbolic_expression(y*(x**Integer(2)-t)).function(x,y,t)
>>> __tmp__=var("x,y,w"); g = symbolic_expression(x + y - cos(w)).function(x,y,w)
>>> f*g
(x, y, t, w) |--> (x^2 - t)*(x + y - cos(w))*y

sage: f(x,y, t) = x+y
sage: g(x, y, w) = w + t
sage: f + g
(x, y, t, w) |--> t + w + x + y

>>> from sage.all import *
>>> __tmp__=var("x,y,t"); f = symbolic_expression(x+y).function(x,y,t)
>>> __tmp__=var("x,y,w"); g = symbolic_expression(w + t).function(x,y,w)
>>> f + g
(x, y, t, w) |--> t + w + x + y

class sage.symbolic.callable.CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor(arguments)[source]#

A functor which produces a CallableSymbolicExpressionRing from the SymbolicRing.

EXAMPLES:

sage: from sage.symbolic.callable import CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor
sage: x,y = var('x,y')
sage: f = CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor((x,y)); f
CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor(x, y)
sage: f(SR)
Callable function ring with arguments (x, y)

CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor(x, y)

>>> from sage.all import *
>>> from sage.symbolic.callable import CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor
>>> x,y = var('x,y')
>>> f = CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor((x,y)); f
CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor(x, y)
>>> f(SR)
Callable function ring with arguments (x, y)

CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor(x, y)

arguments()[source]#

EXAMPLES:

sage: from sage.symbolic.callable import CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor
sage: x,y = var('x,y')
sage: a = CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor((x,y))
sage: a.arguments()
(x, y)

>>> from sage.all import *
>>> from sage.symbolic.callable import CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor
>>> x,y = var('x,y')
>>> a = CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor((x,y))
>>> a.arguments()
(x, y)

merge(other)[source]#

EXAMPLES:

sage: from sage.symbolic.callable import CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor
sage: x,y = var('x,y')
sage: a = CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor((x,))
sage: b = CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor((y,))
sage: a.merge(b)
CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor(x, y)

>>> from sage.all import *
>>> from sage.symbolic.callable import CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor
>>> x,y = var('x,y')
>>> a = CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor((x,))
>>> b = CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor((y,))
>>> a.merge(b)
CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor(x, y)

unify_arguments(x)[source]#

Takes the variable list from another CallableSymbolicExpression object and compares it with the current CallableSymbolicExpression object’s variable list, combining them according to the following rules:

Let a be self’s variable list, let b be y’s variable list.

1. If a == b, then the variable lists are identical, so return that variable list.

2. If a $$\neq$$ b, then check if the first $$n$$ items in a are the first $$n$$ items in b, or vice versa. If so, return a list with these $$n$$ items, followed by the remaining items in a and b sorted together in alphabetical order.

Note

When used for arithmetic between CallableSymbolicExpression’s, these rules ensure that the set of CallableSymbolicExpression’s will have certain properties. In particular, it ensures that the set is a commutative ring, i.e., the order of the input variables is the same no matter in which order arithmetic is done.

INPUT:

• x – A CallableSymbolicExpression

OUTPUT: A tuple of variables.

EXAMPLES:

sage: from sage.symbolic.callable import CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor
sage: x,y = var('x,y')
sage: a = CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor((x,))
sage: b = CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor((y,))
sage: a.unify_arguments(b)
(x, y)

>>> from sage.all import *
>>> from sage.symbolic.callable import CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor
>>> x,y = var('x,y')
>>> a = CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor((x,))
>>> b = CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor((y,))
>>> a.unify_arguments(b)
(x, y)


AUTHORS:

• Bobby Moretti: thanks to William Stein for the rules

class sage.symbolic.callable.CallableSymbolicExpressionRingFactory[source]#

Bases: UniqueFactory

create_key(args, check=True)[source]#

EXAMPLES:

sage: x,y = var('x,y')
sage: CallableSymbolicExpressionRing.create_key((x,y))
(x, y)

>>> from sage.all import *
>>> x,y = var('x,y')
>>> CallableSymbolicExpressionRing.create_key((x,y))
(x, y)

create_object(version, key, **extra_args)[source]#

Return a CallableSymbolicExpressionRing given a version and a key.

EXAMPLES:

sage: x,y = var('x,y')
sage: CallableSymbolicExpressionRing.create_object(0, (x, y))
Callable function ring with arguments (x, y)

>>> from sage.all import *
>>> x,y = var('x,y')
>>> CallableSymbolicExpressionRing.create_object(Integer(0), (x, y))
Callable function ring with arguments (x, y)

class sage.symbolic.callable.CallableSymbolicExpressionRing_class(arguments)[source]#

EXAMPLES:

We verify that coercion works in the case where x is not an instance of SymbolicExpression, but its parent is still the SymbolicRing:

sage: f(x) = 1
sage: f*e
x |--> e

>>> from sage.all import *
>>> __tmp__=var("x"); f = symbolic_expression(Integer(1)).function(x)
>>> f*e
x |--> e

args()[source]#

Return the arguments of self.

The order that the variables appear in self.arguments() is the order that is used in evaluating the elements of self.

EXAMPLES:

sage: x,y = var('x,y')
sage: f(x,y) = 2*x+y
sage: f.parent().arguments()
(x, y)
sage: f(y,x) = 2*x+y
sage: f.parent().arguments()
(y, x)

>>> from sage.all import *
>>> x,y = var('x,y')
>>> __tmp__=var("x,y"); f = symbolic_expression(Integer(2)*x+y).function(x,y)
>>> f.parent().arguments()
(x, y)
>>> __tmp__=var("y,x"); f = symbolic_expression(Integer(2)*x+y).function(y,x)
>>> f.parent().arguments()
(y, x)

arguments()[source]#

Return the arguments of self.

The order that the variables appear in self.arguments() is the order that is used in evaluating the elements of self.

EXAMPLES:

sage: x,y = var('x,y')
sage: f(x,y) = 2*x+y
sage: f.parent().arguments()
(x, y)
sage: f(y,x) = 2*x+y
sage: f.parent().arguments()
(y, x)

>>> from sage.all import *
>>> x,y = var('x,y')
>>> __tmp__=var("x,y"); f = symbolic_expression(Integer(2)*x+y).function(x,y)
>>> f.parent().arguments()
(x, y)
>>> __tmp__=var("y,x"); f = symbolic_expression(Integer(2)*x+y).function(y,x)
>>> f.parent().arguments()
(y, x)

construction()[source]#

EXAMPLES:

sage: f(x,y) = x^2 + y
sage: f.parent().construction()
(CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor(x, y), Symbolic Ring)

>>> from sage.all import *
>>> __tmp__=var("x,y"); f = symbolic_expression(x**Integer(2) + y).function(x,y)
>>> f.parent().construction()
(CallableSymbolicExpressionFunctor(x, y), Symbolic Ring)