_prereq: Represents system packages required for installing SageMath from source#

Description#

This dummy package represents the minimal requirements (system packages) for installing SageMath from source.

In addition to standard POSIX utilities and the bash shell, the following standard command-line development tools must be installed on your computer:

  • make: GNU make, version 3.80 or later. Version 3.82 or later is recommended.

  • m4: GNU m4 1.4.2 or later (non-GNU or older versions might also work).

  • perl: version 5.8.0 or later.

  • ar and ranlib: can be obtained as part of GNU binutils.

  • tar: GNU tar version 1.17 or later, or BSD tar (as provided on macOS).

  • python: Python 3.4 or later, or Python 2.7. (This range of versions is a minimal requirement for internal purposes of the SageMath build system, which is referred to as sage-bootstrap-python.)

Other versions of these may work, but they are untested.

On macOS, suitable versions of all of these tools are provided by the Xcode Command Line Tools. To install them, open a terminal window and run xcode-select --install; then click “Install” in the pop-up window. If the Xcode Command Line Tools are already installed, you may want to check if they need to be updated by typing softwareupdate -l.

On Linux, ar and ranlib are in the binutils package. The other programs are usually located in packages with their respective names.

On Redhat-derived systems not all perl components are installed by default and you might have to install the perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker package.

To check if you have the above prerequisites installed, for example perl, type:

$ command -v perl

or:

$ which perl

on the command line. If it gives an error (or returns nothing), then either perl is not installed, or it is installed but not in your PATH.

Type#

standard

Dependencies#

Version Information#

Equivalent System Packages#

alpine:

$ apk add binutils make m4 perl python3 tar bc gcc g++ ca-certificates coreutils

arch:

$ sudo pacman -S  binutils make m4 perl python tar bc gcc which

conda:

$ conda install  compilers make m4 perl python tar bc

cygwin:

$ apt-cyg install binutils make m4 python39-urllib3 python39 perl perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker tar gcc-core gcc-g++ findutils which libcrypt-devel libiconv-devel

Debian/Ubuntu:

$ sudo apt-get install  binutils make m4 perl python3 tar bc gcc g++ ca-certificates

Fedora/Redhat/CentOS:

$ sudo yum install  binutils make m4 python3 perl perl-ExtUtils-MakeMaker tar gcc gcc-c++ findutils which diffutils perl-IPC-Cmd

freebsd:

$ sudo pkg install gmake automake bash dash python

gentoo:

$ sudo emerge sys-devel/binutils sys-libs/binutils-libs sys-devel/make dev-scheme/guile dev-libs/libffi app-arch/tar sys-devel/gcc dev-libs/mpc sys-libs/glibc sys-kernel/linux-headers dev-lang/perl sys-devel/m4 sys-devel/bc dev-lang/python sys-devel/flex app-misc/ca-certificates dev-libs/libxml2 sys-apps/findutils sys-apps/which sys-apps/diffutils

homebrew:

nix:

$ nix-env --install binutils gnumake gnum4 perl python3 gnutar bc gcc bash

opensuse:

$ sudo zypper install binutils make m4 gawk perl python3 tar bc which glibc-locale-base gcc gcc-c++ ca-certificates gzip findutils diffutils

slackware:

$ sudo slackpkg install binutils make guile gc libffi "gcc-[0-9]" gcc-11 gcc-g++ gcc-g++-11 libmpc glibc kernel-headers perl m4 bc python-2.7 python3 flex ca-certificates libxml2 cyrus-sasl

void:

$ sudo xbps-install  bc binutils gcc libgomp-devel m4 make perl python3 tar which

If the system package is installed, ./configure will check if it can be used.